Legal Resources

01.

MLDI Manual on International and Comparative Media and Freedom of Expression Law

The right to freedom of expression is a human right which is central to protecting a free and independent media. The Training Manual on International and Comparative Media and Freedom of Expression Law enables lawyers who have experience with litigation, but not in the field of media law, to become more familiar with international standards on freedom of expression. The manual sets out the general principles of freedom of expression and details how these can be used before national courts. The manual also touches on thematic areas of media and freedom of expression law, such as defamation, privacy, media regulation, source protection and protecting media online as well as offline.

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02.

Training Manual on Digital Rights and Freedom of Expression Online

The internet has become the most important media platform in the world. It allows for instant sharing of large amounts of information, across borders and to wide audiences. It enables individuals to engage with diverse views and perspectives, and to access an array of resources to assist them to formulate their own views. While the right to freedom of expression has existed for decades, it is not always clear that this right also applies in the evolving online space.

This manual covers a range of issues around freedom of expression on the internet and other digital platforms. It provides an overview of international and comparative law on access to the internet, digital privacy and online data protection as well as specific types of speech-related offences online. This manual is intended for lawyers across Africa representing clients in cases relating to online media, such as journalists, bloggers, videographers and even members of the public.

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03.

Digital Rights Litigation Guide

The internet has become the most important media platform in the world. It allows for instant sharing of large amounts of information, across borders and to wide audiences. It enables individuals to engage with diverse views and perspectives, and to access an array of resources to assist them to formulate their own views. While the right to freedom of expression has existed for decades, it is not always clear that this rights also applies in the evolving online space. This manual covers a range of issues around freedom of expression on the internet and other digital platforms. It provides an overview of international and comparative law on access to the internet, digital privacy and online data protection as well as specific types of speech-related offences online. This manual is intended for lawyers across Africa representing clients in cases relating to online media, such as journalists, bloggers, videographers and even members of the public.

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PDF

04.

Manual on European Defamation Law

The manual Freedom of Expression, Media Law and Defamation is a legal resource designed for lawyers litigating defamation cases in Europe. In many countries, defamation is still a criminal offence. Journalists can also face excessive damages awards if they are successfully sued for defamation. Defamation cases are sometimes used as a tool to silence critical voices and punish dissent. Freedom of Expression, Media Law and Defamation, which was jointly published by MLDI and the International Press Institute, introduces the legal concept, explains its historical relevance and sets out the types of material that might be considered defamatory. It also details how public debate can be impacted by defamation law and provides guidance on litigating defamation cases in domestic courts. The manual references European Court of Human Rights case law to build a broad understanding of defamation law and enable lawyers to help journalists to understand their rights under international and European human rights mechanisms.

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English Croatian Macedonian Portuguese Spanish

05.

MLDI Manual on Litigating Freedom of Expression Cases in East Africa

This manual is aimed at an audience of lawyers, with experience of litigation but not necessarily of litigation before regional human rights courts. It provides information on how to litigate freedom of expression cases before different regional human rights bodies. The manual covers three bodies before which free speech cases can be brought:

  • The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights
  • The African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights
  • The East African Court of Justice

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Litigation Manual East African Court of Justice – PowerPoint African Court – PowerPoint African Commission – PowerPoint

06.

Training Manual on Litigation and Freedom of Expression in West Africa

This manual is aimed at lawyers who want to litigate free speech cases in West Africa and familiarise themselves with the applicable international standards on freedom of expression. This manual details the different regional forums, such as the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the ECOWAS Community Court of Justice, and explains how to select the most appropriate regional forum to defend freedom of expression cases in West Africa. Once the most appropriate forum has been selected, the manual explains how to go about submitting a case.

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07.

Mapping digital rights and freedom of expression in East, West and Southern Africa

This in-depth study analyses each region and each country in East, West and Southern Africa, and is ideal for anyone who wants a deeper understanding of digital restrictions in sub-Saharan Africa. The report was prepared with the assistance of ALT Advisory, and is free to download and distribute under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial Licence.

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